Natural Rubber vs Synthetic Rubber:- Natural and synthetic rubber also have a significant role in the rubber industry, and both are in high demand from manufacturers. Because of the differences between how natural and synthetic rubber are manufactured and their properties, both types of rubber are useful for various applications.
In This Article, we will discuss the various differences between natural and synthetic rubbers, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of each.
WHAT IS NATURAL RUBBER?
Hevea brasiliensis or the Pará rubber tree are the most common sources of natural rubber. This native Brazilian plant is now grown in Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, India, and Vietnam.
Natural rubber can also be obtained from other plants, such as the Panama rubber tree and common dandelion. Many people still prefer Hevea brasiliensis for commercial purposes.
Latex is extracted from the plant and is used to create rubber. Natural rubber is an elastomer, which means it is elastic and can return to its original form after being stretched.
Natural rubber is most commonly used in tyres, which are used in a variety of industries, including automotive and aerospace.
WHAT IS SYNTHETIC RUBBER?
The polymerization of monomers into polymers can be used to make synthetic rubber. This can be accomplished in one of two ways: solution polymerization or emulsion polymerization.
Before the polymerization process, there are several different forms of synthetic rubbers made up of different monomers. Synthetic rubber may have a number of properties and applications due to the artificially manufactured polymers.
Wetsuits, balloons, personal protective equipment, shoe soles, and rubber bands are only a few examples of synthetic rubber’s use.
IS SYNTHETIC RUBBER BETTER THAN NATURAL RUBBER?
The distinction between natural and synthetic rubber can be seen in the way they are made, implying that their properties are distinct. Is one, however, superior to the other?
To be sure, each is better suited to particular types of applications than the other. In terms of temperature tolerance, aging resistance, and abrasion resistance, synthetic rubber outperforms natural rubber.
Synthetic rubber is, therefore, less costly to make. Natural rubber is known for being a solid, versatile, and heat-resistant material that is used to make latex products.
In the end, the application decides which type of rubber is better. While saltwater resistance can be improved by adding additives to natural rubber, neoprene has a higher resistance and is therefore preferred for marine applications.
DIFFERENCE IN NATURAL RUBBER VS SYNTHETIC RUBBER?
Natural rubber and synthetic rubber also have excellent tear resistance, low-temperature durability, and tensile strength. The natural rubber has a number of advantages over synthetic rubber, including higher tensile strength, tear-resistance, and low odor as compared to IR.
Aside from IR, special properties can be found in other synthetic rubbers. Chemical resistance, fluid resistances, ozone resistances, electrical resistances, and other types of resistances can all be found.
Synthetic rubbers can also have excellent heat tolerance, lower temperature resistance and improved heat ageing.
Another thing to consider when deciding between natural and synthetic rubber is that natural rubber contains proteins that can cause allergic reactions when exposed to human skin for long periods of time.
Despite the variations between natural and synthetic rubber, manufacturers demand both for their low costs and acceptable performance in most applications.
In 2017, Statista reported that 15,189 million metric tonnes of synthetic rubber and 13,225 million metric tonnes of natural rubber were consumed globally.
Natural rubber is still prized for its high performance and low cost, despite the fact that synthetic rubbers can offer a variety of property improvements not found in natural rubber.
We hope that now that you have learned about the basic properties of Natural Rubber and Synthetic Rubber, as well as the discrepancies between them, you will be able to work more effectively with these materials.
However, Natural and Synthetic are only two of the forms of rubber that are widely used. Check out our buying guide on the most widely used forms of rubber in the industry to learn more about other rubbers like butyl, nitrile, and silicone rubber